A climate-driven model using time-series analysis of magnetic susceptibility (χ) datasets to represent a floating-point high-resolution geological timescale for the Middle Devonian Eifelian stage
© 2015 The Geological Society of London. Presented here are cyclostratigraphic time-series data, using magnetic susceptibility (χ) results from Devonian Moroccan rocks to establish a floating-point age chronology, and a method that can be applied to any geological stage using geochemical or geophysical datasets as a climate proxy. The χ data are fit to an independent uniform climate model for the entire Eifelian Stage. The procedure used comprised: (a) definition of a uniform c. 405 kyr eccentricity climate model for the Eifelian, with a published duration for the Eifelian; and (b) graphical testing of the model using χ data derived from outcrop samples, here including data from the Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point for the Emsian-Eifelian and Eifelian-Givetian stage boundaries, and an overlapping succession from Bou Tchrafine, Morocco. The time-series methods used here identify χ cycles that conform to the c. 405 kyr by graphically comparing the χ zonation with the climate model. Well-established conodont zonations developed using graphic correlation are then compared with this model, allowing time estimates for Eifelian conodont zone ranges. The time-series data indicate that the Eifelian Stage in the Middle Devonian lasted for c. 6.28 myr, the Lower Eifelian Choteč bio-event lasted for c. 600 kyr, and the Kačák bio-event in the Upper Eifelian lasted for c. 370 kyr.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Geological Society Special Publication
Ellwood, B., El Hassani, A., Tomkin, J., & Bultynck, P. (2015). A climate-driven model using time-series analysis of magnetic susceptibility (χ) datasets to represent a floating-point high-resolution geological timescale for the Middle Devonian Eifelian stage. Geological Society Special Publication, 414 (1), 209-223. https://doi.org/10.1144/SP414.4