Acetylcholinesterase mutation in diazinon-resistant Haematobia irritans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae)

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Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) cDNA from individual field-collected diazinon-resistant horn flies was amplified by RT-PCR. Sequencing of the amplification products revealed that 8/12 of the diazinon-resistant horn flies contained a point mutation previously associated with resistance to organophosphates in house flies and Drosophila, strongly suggesting that this cDNA encodes the AChE that is the target site for organophosphate (OP) pesticide. The point mutation (G262A) resulted in a shift from glycine to alanine in the mature HiAChE amino acid sequence at position 262. Allele-specific PCR and RLFP assays were developed to diagnose the presence or absence of the G262A mutation in individual flies. Use of the allele-specific assays each demonstrated the presence of the G262A mutation in 10 of 12 individual field-collected flies, demonstrating higher sensitivity than direct sequencing of RT-PCR amplification products. The G262A mutation was found in additional fly populations previously characterized as OP-resistant, further supporting that this AChE is the target site for OP pesticide. The allele-specific assay is a useful tool for quantitative assay of the resistance allele in horn fly populations.

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Veterinary Parasitology

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