Multi-Agent Coverage Control with Energy Depletion and Repletion
We develop a hybrid system model to describe the behavior of multiple agents cooperatively solving an optimal coverage problem under energy depletion and repletion constraints. The model captures the controlled switching of agents between coverage (when energy is depleted) and battery charging (when energy is replenished) modes. It guarantees the feasibility of the coverage problem by defining a guard function on each agent's battery level to prevent it from dying on its way to a charging station. The charging station plays the role of a centralized scheduler to solve the contention problem of agents competing for the only charging resource in the mission space. The optimal coverage problem is transformed into a parametric optimization problem to determine an optimal recharging policy. This problem is solved through the use of Infinitesimal Perturbation Analysis (IPA), with simulation results showing that a full recharging policy is optimal.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control
Meng, X., Houshmand, A., & Cassandras, C. (2019). Multi-Agent Coverage Control with Energy Depletion and Repletion. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 2018-December, 2101-2106. https://doi.org/10.1109/CDC.2018.8619594