An impedimetric sensing probe based on printed circuit board technology for monitoring in cryobiology applications

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Cryopreservation of living cells is an effective tool for protection, maintenance, and distribution of genetic resources, which involves exposure to cryogenic temperatures and requires precise control over various parameters to avoid potential cell damages. Hundreds of protocols have been reported for cryopreservation of aquatic species, but replicating them is challenging without a reliable monitoring technique during a cryopreservation process. In this work, we aim to use electrical impedance as a monitoring parameter to assist standardization of cryopreservation processes and reporting. Specifically, this paper reports an impedance sensing probe compatible with cryogenic temperatures and conventional containers in cryopreservation of aquatic species based on printed circuit board technology its characterization in cryopreservation conditions including different sperm extenders (buffer) compositions and concentrations, presence of cryoprotectant, and multiple cooling rates. The developed probe based on printed circuit board (PCB) technology shows a capability of measuring conditions during cryopreservation differentiating among samples with different buffer contents and cryoprotectants. The probe also demonstrates the capability to distinguish different cooling regimes and detect phase change phenomena. This PCB-based sensing platform provides quantitative impedance measurement data during the cryopreservation process at sample preparation, cooling, and while frozen. Technology such as this offers opportunities for improving the reproducibility of protocols generated by the aquatic species community and can be made widely available as open hardware.

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Journal of the Electrochemical Society

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