Development Of Cost-Effective High-Modulus Asphalt Concrete Mixtures Using Crumb Rubber And Local Construction Materials In Louisiana
One of the emerging solutions to enhance the durability of asphalt pavements is the use of a French asphalt mix known as High-Modulus Asphalt Concrete (HMAC). This mix uses a hard asphalt binder, high binder content (about 6%), and low air voids content as compared with Superpave mixtures. The key objective of this study was to develop a cost-effective HMAC mixture using crumb rubber and local materials in Louisiana. To achieve this objective, four HMAC mixtures were prepared using two asphalt binders (PG 82-22 and PG 76-22 plus 10% crumb rubber) and two Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) contents (20% and 40%); additionally, a conventional Superpave mixture in Louisiana was prepared as a control mixture. The laboratory performance of these five mixtures was evaluated in relation to workability, dynamic modulus, rutting resistance, and cracking resistance. The AASHTOWare Pavement ME Design software was also used to estimate the long-term field performance of these mixtures. Results indicated that the HMAC mixture prepared with 10% crumb rubber and 20% RAP successfully met the French mix design specifications for HMAC and LaDOTD specifications. This HMAC mix outperformed the control Superpave mix in relation to dynamic modulus, rutting resistance, and cracking resistance. Additionally, this HMAC mixture can reduce the required asphalt thickness by 1.5 or 2 in. based on traffic level. The cost-effectiveness analysis indicated that this HMAC mixture was more cost-effective than conventional Superpave mixtures in Louisiana. In addition, this mixture is environmentally friendly as it can reduce the disposal of scrap tires in landfills.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Transportation Research Record
Elnaml, I., Mousa, M., Hassan, M. M., Idris, I., & Elnaml, I. (2022). Development Of Cost-Effective High-Modulus Asphalt Concrete Mixtures Using Crumb Rubber And Local Construction Materials In Louisiana. Transportation Research Record https://doi.org/10.1177/03611981221074377