Development of photocatalytic pervious concrete pavement for air and storm water improvements

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Self-cleaning, air-purifying pervious concrete pavement is a promising technology that can be constructed with air-cleaning agents with superhydrophilic photocatalyst capabilities, such as titanium dioxide. Although this technology has the potential of supporting environment-friendly road infrastructure, its effectiveness depends on a number of design and operational parameters that need to be evaluated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the mechanical, environmental, and mix design parameters that influence the performance and effectiveness of photocatalytic pervious concrete pavement. To achieve this objective, an experimental program was conducted in which the effects of relative humidity level, pollutants' flow rate, and mix design parameters, including void ratio and depth of the photocatalytic layer, were investigated. Mechanical performance tests included porosity, unit weight, permeability, and compressive strength. The environmental efficiency of the samples to remove nitrogen oxides (NOx) from the atmosphere was measured in the laboratory. Results of the experimental program showed that increasing the depth of the photocatalytic layer increased NOx reduction efficiency. In addition, NOx removal efficiency decreased with the increase in the pollutant flow rate and increased with the increase in ultraviolet light intensity.

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Transportation Research Record

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