Interfacial Water at Graphene Oxide Surface: Ordered or Disordered?

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© 2019 American Chemical Society. The graphene oxide (GO)-water interface was simulated using Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics (BOMD) simulations with two different functionals, namely, revPBE-D3 and BLYP-D2, as well as a commonly used classical force field, namely, OPLS-AA. A number of different order parameters, including the orientation of the interfacial water molecules near the aromatic region of the GO surface as well as those near the oxygenated defects, were examined and compared. The BOMD interfacial waters are clearly much less structured as compared to the classical force field that shows a strongly ordered interface. Higher-level calculations, namely, symmetry adapted perturbation theory, were performed on representative clusters taken from the BOMD simulation. These calculations revealed not only that a number of conformations have similar interaction energies but also the importance of induction contribution to the interaction energies.

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Journal of Physical Chemistry B

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