Ultrafast investigation of condensed phase chemical reaction dynamics using transient vibrational spectroscopy: Geminate recombination, vibrational energy relaxation, and electronic decay of the iodine A′ excited state

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The reaction dynamics of iodine geminate recombination on the excited A′ 3Π2u state are investigated using picosecond transient Raman spectroscopy. Vibrational energy relaxation and the dynamics of geminate recombination are directly observed in the transient Raman spectrum. Geminate recombination rates are significantly slower for the excited electronic state compared to the ground electronic state. This observation implies that a fundamentally different geminate recombination mechanism is responsible for the formation of the A′ 3Π2u, state. Evidence is reported which suggests the possible role of iodine atom-solvent complexes in the reaction step leading from photodissociated atoms to formation of the excited state. The solvent dependence of vibrational energy relaxation suggests that the rate is dominated by V-T (and possibly V-R) energy relaxation which is also found to be significantly slower in the excited electronic state compared to the ground state. In n-hexane the vibrational relaxation rate appears to be enhanced by V-V energy transfer. Electronic relaxation is investigated and is found to be largely the result of the formation and decay of I2 -solvent exciplexes. © 1990 American Institute of Physics.

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The Journal of Chemical Physics

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