A torsional dilatometer for volume change measurements on deformed glasses: Instrument description and measurements on equilibrated glasses

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An automated mercury dilatometer has been designed and built for the purpose of making volume change measurements on cylindrical samples subjected to torsional deformations. In its current configuration the instrument takes readings of torque, normal force, and volume change upon application of a twist at one end of the sample. Volume change sensitivity of approximately 2⨯10—cm makes possible relative volume change measurements of the order of ΔV/Vo≃10-7 given the sample geometry. Over long times temperature stability limits this to approximately 2.5⨯10“5. The instrument is described and preliminary measurements are presented for epoxy glasses which have been equilibrated by annealing near to the glass transition. The results show that the volume of the sample tested at temperatures ranging from 10 K below the conventionally measured glass transition temperature Tg to Tg increases upon application of a torsional deformation. This result is contrary to results reported in the literature for samples tested well below Tg. © 1990, The Society of Rheology. All rights reserved.

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Journal of Rheology

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