Iron in a trigonal tris(alkoxide) ligand environment.

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Mononuclear Fe(II) and Fe(III) complexes residing in a trigonal tris(ditox) (ditox = (t)Bu2(Me)CO(-)) ligand environment have been synthesized and characterized. The Fe(III) ditox complex does not react with oxidants such as PhIO, whereas NMe3O substitutes a coordinated tetrahydrofuran (THF) in the apical position without undergoing oxo transfer. In contrast, the Fe(II) ditox complex reacts rapidly with PhIO or Me3NO in THF or cyclohexadiene to furnish a highly reactive intermediate, which cleaves C-H bonds to afford the Fe(III)-hydroxide complex. When generated in 1,2-difluorobenze, this intermediate can be intercepted to oxidize phosphines to phosphine oxide. The fast rates at which these reactions occur is attributed to a particularly weak ligand field imparted by the tris(alkoxide) ancillary ligand environment.

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Inorganic chemistry

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