A Persubstituted Cationic β-Cyclodextrin for Chiral Separations

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The applications of a novel polycationic derivative of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), heptakis(6-hydroxyethylamino-6-deoxy-β-cyclodextrin) (β-CD-EA), as a chiral host-guest additive for the enantioseparation of various classes of chiral anionic analytes are presented. The cationic β-CD described in this paper is persubstituted with seven ethanolamine side arms at the primary rim of each cyclodextrin (CD) molecule. It is found that the electrophoretic mobility of β-CD-EA can be adjusted to influence the chiral selectivity by changing the pH of the background electrolyte. Most of the observed CD capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) separations of anionic drugs and herbicides were accomplished in the pH range of 4.0-7.0 with a reverse polarity configuration. At pH 5.0, enantioseparation of a mixture of three structurally related antiinflammatory agents (fenoprofen, flurbiprofen, and ibuprofen) was possible in about 30 min. However, other chiral acids, such as a series of phenoxypropionic acid herbicides and dansylated amino acids (glutamic acid and aspartic acids), were best separated at pH 6.0 or 7.0. An impressive separation of a mixture of six structurally related anionic herbicides [(±)-2-phenoxypropionic acid, (±)-2-(2-chlorophenoxy)propionic acid, (±)-2-(3-chlorophenoxy)propionic acid, (±)-2-(4-chlorophenoxy)propionic acid, (±)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)propionic acid, and (±)-2-(2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy)propionic acid] was achieved for the first time in about 15 min during a single run with 20 mM β-CD-EA. The analytical applicability of this cationic CD molecule for chiral separations is discussed in detail.

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Analytical Chemistry

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