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© 2016 American Chemical Society. A series of seven BODIPYs functionalized with ortho-carborane groups at the 8(meso) or 3/5(α) position were synthesized and characterized by NMR, HRMS, HPLC, and in the cases of 2b and 5b, by X-ray analysis. The BODIPYs exhibited low dark toxicity and phototoxicity toward human glioma T98G cells, and their cellular uptake varied significantly, with 5b accumulating the most and 7 the least. All BODIPYs localized mainly within the cell ER. The BODIPYs showed higher permeabilities than lucifer yellow across human hCMEC/D3 brain endothelial cell monolayers as the BBB model. Among this series, 1b showed the highest BBB permeability (Pe = 16.4 × 10-5 cm/s), probably as a result of its lower MW (366 Da) and favorable hydrophobicity (log P = 1.5). The combination of low cytotoxicity, amphiphilicity, high boron content, high cellular uptake, and moderate BBB permeability renders these compounds promising boron delivery agents for the BNCT of brain tumors.

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Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

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