Mechanisms of Energy Transduction in Plant Photosynthesis: ESR, ENDOR and MOs of the Primary Acceptors

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Comparison of the optical, paramagnetic and redox properties of the reduced primary acceptors of Photosystems (PS) I and II with those of chlorophyll and pheophytin anions suggests that chlorophyll is the primary reduced product in PS I and pheophytin in PS II. Molecular orbital calculations provide a description of the electronic profiles of the radicals, and indicate that the protein environment of the chromophores in the reaction center may impose specific orientations and induce hydrogen bonding to some of the chlorophyll substituent groups. Examination of all the primary acceptors postulated for green plants and purple bacteria suggests that (bacterio)chlorophyll‐like acceptors may be obligatory to effect the rapid primary charge separation, because they allow favorable orbital overlap between donor and acceptor. Extrapolation of these results to green bacteria suggests that bacteriochlorophyll a and bacteriopheophytin c may act as transient electron acceptors in these organisms. Copyright © 1981 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

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Israel Journal of Chemistry

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