Influence of Heme Vinyl- and Carboxylate-Protein Contacts on Structure and Redox Properties of Bovine Cytochrome b5

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1H NMR spectroscopy and optical spectroelectrochemistry on a thin-layer electrode have been utilized to investigate the influence of heme vinyl- and carboxylate-protein contacts on heme pocket structure and reduction potential of bovine ferricytochrome bs. In spite of the diverse modifications of heme vinyls and carboxylates, *H NMR results indicate that there are no significant perturbations in the heme orientation and essential electronic structure. This allows us to attribute changes in redox properties to the role of each vinylor carboxylate-protein contact in cytochrome b5. While pemptohemin (2-H, 4-vinyl) and isopemptohemin (2-vinyl, 4-H) exhibit essentially identical reduction potentials outside the protein in DMF solution, protein reconstituted with pemptohemin shows an E° (ca. -8 mV vs SHE) closer to that of native protein (2-vinyl, 4-vinyl; ca. -2 mV), and protein substituted with isopemptohemin exhibits an £° (ca. -38 mV) closer to that of deuterohemin (2-H, 4-H; ca. -52 mV). Hence the 4-vinyl group accounts for the dominant electron-withdrawing influence on the porphyrin skeleton of the native protein, with the 2-vinyl group providing a minor effect. These results are consistent with the NMR data which indicate a sterically clamped, largely in-plane (maximal electron withdrawing) 4-vinyl group and a 2-vinyl group that is mobile and largely out of plane (minimal electron withdrawing). The reduction potentials for the cytochrome bs complex of 2,4-dimethyldeuterohemin and heptamethyl monopropionate hemin, with the lone propionate of the latter hemin making the protein link as for the 7-propionate of the native protein, are ca. -83 and ca. -58 mV, respectively. Moreover, the reduction potentials vary insignificantly when the pair of carboxylate side chains are both lengthened or shortened by one carbon. Therefore, the influence on reduction potential for the 7-propionate in the native protein is not substantially larger than that for the 6-propionate, and argues against this uniquely oriented 7-propionate of native cytochrome bs providing an important stabilizing interaction for oxidized cytochrome bs. © 1991, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

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Journal of the American Chemical Society

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