Structural Consequences of Spin Conversion in a Sterically Encumbered Ni(II) Porphyrin

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The crystal structure of a pyridine-ligated, high-spin Ni(II) complex of 2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octabromo-5,15-bis(isopropyl)-10,20-bis(isopropylidenyl) porphyrin, 2, is reported and compared to the unligated, low-spin Ni(II) complex, 1, previously reported. The results demonstrate that conversion to high-spin Ni(II) in nonplanar, sterically encumbered porphyrins induces a significant core expansion about the Ni while nonplanarity is still retained. The expansion of the core parameters (Ni-N, Ct-Ca, Ct-Cmeso) and the Ni-Naxial distances are characteristic of the dx2-y2 and dz2 orbital occupancies in high-spin Ni(II) porphyrins and document the structural consequences of the spin conversion in severely nonplanar Ni(II) porphyrins. The stereochemical results are particularly relevant to ligation effects in nonplanar Ni biomolecules and synthetic porphyrins increasingly used as biomimetic models of conformational effects in chromophores and prosthetic groups in vivo, and to the remarkably wide range of lifetimes observed for excited (d,d) states in nonplanar, sterically constrained Ni(II) porphyrins in which the dx2-y2 and dz2 orbitals are also populated.

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Journal of Physical Chemistry B

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