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© 2017 World Scientific Publishing Company. Syntheses of three new chlorin e6 conjugates for PDT of tumors are reported. One of the new compounds 17 is conjugated with lysine at the 131-position, but the others are mono-conjugated 14 or diconjugated 15 with the non-amino acid species ethanolamine. Cellular experiments with the three new compounds and previously synthesized non-amino acid 152-conjugates (7-10), 131-monoconjugates 14, 16, and a 131,152-diconjugate 12 are reported. In vitro cytotoxicity experiments show that the 131-conjugates are more toxic than the 152-conjugates, and the most toxic derivative (dark- and photo-toxicity) is the 131-ethylenediamine conjugate 11. The most useful PDT photosentitizers appear to be the ethanolamine derivatives, conjugated at the 152- and the 131,152-positions; these show high phototoxicity but relatively low dark toxicity compared with 11, and also the highest dark/photo cytotoxicity ratios.

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Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines

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