Synthesis and investigation of BODIPYs with restricted meso -8-aryl rotation

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© 2020 World Scientific Publishing Company. Three BODIPYs bearing 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl substituents and a meso-8-aryl group were synthesized and investigated, both experimentally and computationally. The presence of the 1,7-methyl groups and of ortho-substituents on the meso-8-aryl ring prevent free rotation of the meso-8-aryl group, resulting in high fluorescence quantum yields. Substitution at the 2,6-positions of these BODIPYs with chlorine atoms causes pronounced red-shifted absorptions and emissions, and in the case of 2,6-dichloro-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-8-(2,4,6-triphenylphenyl)-BODIPY 2c increases its fluorescence quantum yields to 0.93 in dichloromethane and 0.98 in toluene. The X-ray structure of 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-8-(2,4,6-triphenylphenyl)-BODIPY shows increased deviation from planarity and smaller dihedral angle of the meso-8-aryl group compared with the meso-8-phenyl- and meso-8-mesityl-BODIPY analogs. The presence of 2,6-chlorine atoms was found to not significantly affect the rotational barriers of the meso-8-aryl-groups.

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Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines

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