Laser capture microdissection MALDI for direct analysis of archival tissue

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MALDI mass spectra were obtained from cancer cells isolated by laser capture microdissection (LCM) of archived tissue. Frozen human lung tissue from adenocarcenoma and squamous cell carcenoma cases were cut into 5 to 15 μm thick sections, stained with hematoxylin and dehydrated. Cancer cells were isolated by LCM, mixed with matrix solution, and deposited on a MALDI target for mass spectrometric analysis. For comparison with LCM isolated cells, tissue sections were placed directly on the MALDI target without microdissection. Tissue sections frozen in optimal cutting temperature (OCT) solution and cut into 8 μm thick sections gave the best performance with direct MALDI analysis. Between 15 and 20 peaks were observed in the mass region between 1000 and 4000 Da, and roughly half of these peaks were common to either squamous cells or adenocarcenoma. Additional peaks were observed in the non-LCM mass spectra and these may result from biomolecules in the healthy tissue. When compared to fresh tissue, both LCM and non-LCM archived tissue produced fewer peaks, possibly due to degradation of the biomolecules in the archived tissue.

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Journal of Proteome Research

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