Emergent properties from CuPd alloy films under near-infrared excitation

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Noble-transition metal alloys offer emergent optical and electronic properties for near-infrared (NIR) optoelectronic devices. We investigate the optical and electronic properties of CuPd alloy thin films and their ultrafast electron dynamics under NIR excitation. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy measurements supported by density functional theory calculations show strong d-band hybridization between the Cu 3d and Pd 4d bands. These hybridization effects result in emergent optical properties, most apparent in the dilute Pd case. Time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy with NIR (e.g., 1550 nm) excitation displays composition-tunable electron dynamics. We posit that the negative peak in the normalized increment of transmissivity (ΔT/T) below 2 ps from dilute Pd alloys is due to non-thermalized hot-carrier generation. On the other hand, Pd-rich alloys exhibit an increase in ΔT/T due to thermalization effects upon ultrafast NIR photoexcitation. CuPd alloys in the dilute Pd regime may be a promising material for future ultrafast NIR optoelectronic devices.

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The Journal of chemical physics

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