© 2015 American Chemical Society. Firefly luciferase produces light by converting substrate beetle luciferin into the corresponding adenylate that it subsequently oxidizes to oxyluciferin, the emitter of bioluminescence. We have confirmed the generally held notions that the oxidation step is initiated by formation of a carbanion intermediate and that a hydroperoxide (anion) is involved. Additionally, structural evidence is presented that accounts for the delivery of oxygen to the substrate reaction site. Herein, we report key convincing spectroscopic evidence of the participation of superoxide anion in a related chemical model reaction that supports a single electron-transfer pathway for the critical oxidative process. This mechanism may be a common feature of bioluminescence processes in which light is produced by an enzyme in the absence of cofactors.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Branchini, B., Behney, C., Southworth, T., Fontaine, D., Gulick, A., Vinyard, D., & Brudvig, G. (2015). Experimental Support for a Single Electron-Transfer Oxidation Mechanism in Firefly Bioluminescence. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137 (24), 7592-7595. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.5b03820