Synthesis and characterization of complex mixtures consisting of cyclic and linear polyamides from ethyl Bis-ketal galactarates

Cornelia Rosu, Louisiana State University
Ioan I. Negulescu, Louisiana State University
Rafael Cueto, Louisiana State University
Roger Laine, Louisiana State University
William H. Daly, Louisiana State University


Bis-ketal-protected diethyl galactarate was condensed with different diamines to prepare sugar-based polyamides. Ketal-protected polyamides, which are soluble in organic solvents, were deprotected with 90% trifluoroacetic acid to yield water insoluble materials. FTIR, NMR, GPC, MALDI-TOF, ESI and TGA techniques were used to characterize the structure and the properties of these biodegradable materials. D-galactaric acid-based polyamides are complex mixtures of cyclic and linear structures. High molecular weight linear polymer formation was limited by competitive cyclization reactions. The percentage of cyclization was highly dependent on the nature of the diamine used. Polycondensation with linear aliphatic diamines favored the formation of macrocycles, identified by MALDI-TOF and ESI. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.