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Using multiple mammalian genomic sequences, we have analyzed the evolution and imprinting of several genes located in the Peg3 domain, including Mim1 (approved name, Mimt1), Usp29, Zim3, and Zfp264. A series of comparative analyses shows that the overall genomic structure of this 500-kb imprinted domain has been well maintained throughout mammalian evolution but that several lineage-specific changes have also occurred in each species. In the bovine domain, Usp29 has lost its protein-coding capability, Zim3 has been duplicated, and the expression of Zfp264 has become biallelic in brain and testis, which differs from paternal expression of mouse Zfp264 in brain. In contrast, the two transcript genes of cow, Mim1 and Usp29, both lacking protein-coding capability, are still expressed mainly from the paternal allele, indicating the imprinting of these two genes in cow. The imprinting of Mim1 and Usp29 along with Peg3 is the most evolutionarily selected feature in this imprinted domain, suggesting significant function of these three genes, either as protein-coding or as untranslated transcript genes. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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