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© 2017 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Iron-sulfur proteins are among the primary targets of nitric oxide in cells. Previous studies have shown that iron-sulfur clusters hosted by cysteine residues in proteins are readily disrupted by nitric oxide forming a protein-bound dinitrosyl iron complex, thiolate-bridged di-iron tetranitrosyl complex, or octanitrosyl cluster. Here we report that human mitochondrial protein Miner2 [2Fe-2S] clusters can bind nitric oxide without disruption of the clusters. Miner2 is a member of a new CDGSH ironsulfur protein family that also includes two mitochondrial proteins: the type II diabetes-related mitoNEET and the Wolfram syndrome 2-linked Miner1. Miner2 contains two CDGSH motifs, and each CDGSH motif hosts a [2Fe-2S] cluster via three cysteine and one histidine residues. Binding of nitric oxide in the reduced Miner2 [2Fe-2S] clusters produces a major absorption peak at 422 nm without releasing iron or sulfide from the clusters. The EPR measurements and mass spectrometry analyses further reveal that nitric oxide binds to the reduced [2Fe-2S] clusters in Miner2, with each cluster binding one nitric oxide. Although the [2Fe-2S] cluster in purified human mitoNEET and Miner1 fails to bind nitric oxide, a single mutation of Asp-96 to Val in mitoNEET or Asp-123 to Val in Miner1 facilitates nitric oxide binding in the [2Fe-2S] cluster, indicating that a subtle change of protein structure may switch mitoNEET and Miner1 to bind nitric oxide. The results suggest that binding of nitric oxide in the CDGSH-type [2Fe-2S] clusters in mitochondrial protein Miner2 may represent a new nitric oxide signaling mode in cells.

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Journal of Biological Chemistry

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