Development of pelleted feed containing probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Jerusalem artichoke for Nile Tilapia and its biocompatibility studies
Growth performance and immune systems of tilapias could be improved by GG (LGG) and Jerusalem artichoke. This research aimed to determine the effects of Jerusalem artichoke on LGG viability after drying and pelleting and their subsequent exposure to simulated gastrointestinal conditions. Fresh LGG cells were added into wall material solutions, including alginate (AL), alginate + milk powder (AM), and alginate + milk powder + Jerusalem artichoke at different concentrations (AMJ). The solutions were then spray dried to obtain LGG powders. The powder with the highest cell number was then selected to mix with tilapia feed mash and pelleted using a nonthermal feed extruder to obtain pelleted feed containing LGG and Jerusalem artichoke. The LGG viability spray dried powders and pelleted feed were analyzed for their cell counts after drying and after exposure to simulated gastrointestinal conditions. The result showed that the number of viable cells in AMJ was significantly higher than AM and AL after drying. The number of viable cells under both simulated gastric and bile salt fluids was improved with the increasing of Jerusalem artichoke concentrations. The number of viable cells after pelleting process could be maintained. LGG in the pelleted feed could also survive under the simulated gastric and bile salt conditions. The study indicates that JA enhanced LGG viability after drying and exposure to simulated gastrointestinal conditions. The pelleted feed containing LGG and Jerusalem artichoke could be applied in tilapia farming, providing convenience to the farmers, and valuable effects to the fish.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Sribounoy, U., Pirarat, N., Solval, K. M., Sathivel, S., & Chotiko, A. (2021). Development of pelleted feed containing probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Jerusalem artichoke for Nile Tilapia and its biocompatibility studies. 3 Biotech, 11 (6), 279. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13205-021-02829-1