Comparison of thermally actuated retro-diels-alder release groups for nanoparticle based nucleic acid delivery

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The present study explores alternate pericyclic chemistries for tethering amine-terminal biomolecules onto silver nanoparticles. Employing the versatile tool of the retro-Diels-Alder (rDA) reaction, three thermally-labile cycloadducts are constructed that cleave at variable temperature ranges. While the reaction between furan and maleimide has widely been reported, the current study also evaluates the reverse reaction kinetics between thiophene-maleimide, and pyrrole-maleimide cycloadducts. Density Functional Theorem (DFT) calculations used to model and plan the experiments, predict energy barriers for the thiophene-maleimide reverse reaction to be greatest, and the pyrrole-maleimide barriers the lowest. Based on the computational analyses, it is projected that the cycloreversion rate would occur slowest with the thiophene, followed by furan, and finally pyrrole would yield the promptest release. These thermally-responsive linkers, characterized by Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry, H and C NMR, are thiol-linked to silver nanoparticles and conjugate single stranded siRNA mimics with 5' fluorescein tag. Second harmonic generation spectroscopy (SHG) and fluorescence spectroscopy are used to measure release and rate of release. The SHG decay constants and fluorescence release profiles obtained for the three rDA reactions confirm the trends obtained from the DFT computations.

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Journal of colloid and interface science

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