Expression of the enhanced green fluorescent protein by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) as an in vitro or in vivo marker for virus entry and replication
Glycoprotein K (gK) is involved in membrane fusion phenomena during infectious virus production and egress and is an important determinant for neurovirulence. To assess better the in vitro and in vivo roles of gK in virus replication, a recombinant virus was constructed expressing an engineered enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) under the control of the human cytomegalovirus immediate early gene promoter (HCMV-IEP) inserted in place of the gK gene. The EGFP gene insertion was confirmed by diagnostic polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the presence of the EGFP protein was detected by western immunoblot analysis using anti-GFP monoclonal antibody. Fluorescence microscopy revealed that virus infected cells emitted bright fluorescence when examined using filters for fluorescein. Fluorescence emission was detected as early as 4 h post-infection. Fluorescence intensity increased over time and was stable at late times after infection at which point viral plaques continued to emit bright green fluorescence. The amount of fluorescence emitted by virus infected Vero cells was monitored by fluorescence cytometry using a FACS cytometer. At an MOI of 3, all infected cells emitted strong green fluorescence as quantified by cytometry at 48 h post-infection. The ΔgK-EGFP expressing recombinant virus will enable the determination of the role of gK in virus entry and egress as well as the role of gK in the molecular pathogenesis of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of Virological Methods
Foster, T., Rybachuk, G., & Kousoulas, K. (1998). Expression of the enhanced green fluorescent protein by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) as an in vitro or in vivo marker for virus entry and replication. Journal of Virological Methods, 75 (2), 151-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-0934(98)00107-4