Chromosomal location of the 28S ribosomal RNA gene of channel catfish by in situ polymerase chain reaction

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This study describes the use of the polymerase chain reaction for physical mapping of fish genes. A 287-base pair (bp) fragment of the 28S ribosomal RNA gene (28S rDNA) of channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus was isolated and sequenced with human-derived primers. The nucleotide (nt) sequence of this fragment was 20 bp shorter than that of the corresponding region of the human 28S rDNA. The gene was mapped to chromosomes of channel catfish by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and in situ polymerase chain reaction (ISPCR). A major locus and a minor locus of 28S rDNA were found on chromosomes of channel catfish. The major locus was associated with the active nucleolus organizer region (NOR) sites. The minor locus was highly resolved and not detectable by silver staining, suggesting that this locus was not involved in synthesis of ribosomal RNA and possessed fewer copies of 28S rDNA. Both loci contained GC-rich DNA elements that could be components of 28S rDNA repeated units. In this study, a potential method of comparative mapping of the channel catfish genome has been presented by using human-derived oligonucleotide sequences. These data demonstrate that ISPCR is highly specific and will be useful in physical mapping of fish genomes. (C) 2000 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.

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Journal of Fish Biology

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