Many of the common gastrointestinal disorders of adult cattle may be diagnosed by a careful physical examination, whereas other disturbances require the use of diagnostic testing. It is important to differentiate the causes of gastrointestinal disturbances to make better treatment decisions and have a clearer prognosis for the specific animal or herd of cattle.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
The Veterinary clinics of North America. Food animal practice
Belknap, E., & Navarre, C. (2000). Differentiation of gastrointestinal diseases in adult cattle.. The Veterinary clinics of North America. Food animal practice, 16 (1), 59-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-0720(15)30137-7