Despite the abundance of research that has aimed to understand the effects of highway work zones, very little definitive information is available concerning the determination of work zone length (WZL). Quantitative studies that holistically model WZL are very rare. To fill this gap, this study identifies critical factors affecting WZL and develops decision support models that determine the optimal WZL in a balanced tradeoff between motorists’ inconvenience due to traffic disruption and their opportunity cost. A high-confidence dataset was created by conducting a series of scheduling and traffic simulations and analyses. The results revealed that traffic loading and work zone duration are critical factors, with traffic loading at approximately 41,000 vehicles-per-day being an important benchmarking point. Based on these findings, a decision support model was developed to determine the most feasible WZL. As the first of its kind, this study will help state transportation agencies devise sounder construction phasing plans by providing a point of reference when establishing WZL in a viable way to minimize traffic disruption during construction.
Choi, K., Jeong, H. D., Lee, Y., & Yin, Y. (2020). Selecting the Most Feasible Construction Phasing Plans for Urban Highway Rehabilitation Projects. Retrieved from https://repository.lsu.edu/transet_pubs/71