Document Type


Publication Date



An extensional deformation test method using a Sentmanat Extensional Rheometer (SER) fixture inside a Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR) is developed in this study to investigate the degradation of the polymer due to aging and to investigate the effect of modifier type. A relationship between different percentages of modifier and ductility of the modified binder is also investigated. The sample geometrics used in this study are 1 mm x 0.72 mm and 3 mm x 0.72 mm. A total of one hundred and sixty-two samples were tested. Three modifiers Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene (SBS), Polyphosphoric Acid (PPA) and latex were used. One PG 76-22, one PG 64-22 and one polymer-modified asphalt emulsion (PAME) were used. First peak elongation force, (F1) is the binders’ stiffness and Second peak elongation force, (F2) is the polymer characteristics. F2 is more visible comparatively at the higher temperature. In most cases, F2 reduces after Rolling Thin Film Oven (RTFO) and Pressure Aging Vessel (PAV) aging. To normalize the stiffness effect of F1 on F2, in this study F2/F1 was used to analyze aging susceptibility of modifiers. All the testing temperatures used in this study exhibited a reduction in F2/F1 due to RTFO aging and further reduction due to PAV aging. Therefore, through this study, it is recommended that this parameter can be used to determine aging susceptibility of polymer in a polymer-modified asphalt binder. F2 is only obtained from the SBS and latex modified binders and emulsions. Addition of PPA did not show any F2, making SBS the most effective modifier among SBS, PPA and latex. F2 has a linear correlation with the percent of the polymer in the PMAE, SBS modified PG 64-22, SBS and PPA modified PG 64-22 and latex modified PG 64-22 with R2 values equal to 0.9934, 0.9323, 0.9893 and 0.9535 respectively, indicating extensional deformation test with SER very promising. Ductility analyses using final angular strain values indicate that modifiers increase ductility significantly while aging reduces ductility. Additional research is required for testing ultra-violet (UV) aged sample, and a DSR-based SER test specification will be developed subsequently


Tran-SET Project No. 17BLSU01