Pavement construction monitoring and quality assurance (QA) practices are mostly based on costly, discrete, and destructive methods. Most quality assurance programs are based on pavement construction procedures encompassing in-situ coring for layer thickness determination, density measurements, laboratory testing to measure volumetric properties, and smoothness measurements in case of the availability of a profiler. The main objective of this study was to develop a machine learning-based classifier for predicting pavement roughness and aggregate segregation based on digital image analysis, image recognition, and deep learning machine models. The developed Convolution Neural Networks (CNN) models were trained, tested, and validated using 600-pavement surface images extracted from the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (LaDOTD) Pavement Management System (PMS) and 129 pavement images collected from three construction sites a few days after paving. These images were randomly divided into 70%, 15%, and 15% for the training, testing, and validation phases, respectively. The roughness model achieved 93.8% and 92.6% accuracy in the training and validation stages; respectively, and predicted the International Roughness Index (IRI) values with a coefficient of determination R2 of 0.98 and a Root-Mean Square Error (RMSE) of 3.5%. In addition, the developed image-processing model for the detection of aggregate segregation achieved adequate accuracy. Furthermore, the developed segregation detection procedure adequately described the relationship between mix density and segregation.
Elseifi, M., Paudel, R., Ahmed Sarkar, M., Abohamer, H., & Dhakal, N. (2022). A Deep Learning Tool for the Assessment of Pavement Smoothness and Aggregate Segregation during Construction. Retrieved from https://repository.lsu.edu/transet_pubs/143