Observation of the astrophysically important 3+ state in 18Ne via elastic scattering of a radioactive 17F beam from 1H
The 17F(p, γ)18 reaction is important in stellar explosions, but its rate has been uncertain because of an expected 3+ state in 18Ne that has never been conclusively observed. This state would provide a strong l = 0 resonance and, depending on its excitation energy, could dominate the stellar reaction rate. We have observed this missing 3+ state by measuring the 1H(17F, p)17F excitation function with a radioactive 17F beam at the ORNL Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility. We find that the state lies at a center-of-mass energy of Er = 599.8 ± 1.5stat ± 2.0sys keV (Ex = 4523.7 ± 2.9keV) and has a width of Γ = 18 ± 2stat ± 1sys keV. © 1999 The American Physical Society.