Approaching the quantum "limit" for force detection
A system is proposed for detecting the effect of a weak classical force on a macroscopic mechanical oscillator. The novel feature is a type of ac bridge coupled to a SQUID amplifier. A detailed sensitivity calculation for one type of bridge excitation is reported which shows what is required to reach the standard quantum "limit." Another type of excitation should make it a "back-action evasion" device capable of exceeding the standard quantum "limit". © 1981 The American Physical Society.