A potential representation for the subset of travelling solutions of nonlinear dispersive evolution equations is introduced. The procedure involves reduction of a third-order partial differential equation to a first-order ordinary differential equation. The potential representation allows us to deduce certain properties of the solutions without the actual need to solve the underlying evolution equation. In particular, the paper deals with the so-called K(n, m) equations. Starting from their respective potential representations it is shown that these equations can be classified according to a simple point transformation. As a result, e.g., all equations with linear dispersion join the same equivalence class with the Korteweg-deVries equation being its representative, and all soliton solutions of higher order nonlinear equations are thus equivalent to the KdV soliton. Certain equations with both linear and quadratic dispersions can also be treated within this equivalence class.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General
Eichmann, U., Ludu, A., & Draayer, J. (2002). Analysis and classification of nonlinear dispersive evolution equations in the potential representation. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, 35 (29), 6075-6090. https://doi.org/10.1088/0305-4470/35/29/310