This Chapter provides an up to date, pedagogical review of some of the most relevant advances in loop quantum cosmology. We review the quantization of homogeneous cosmological models, their singularity resolution and the formulation of effective equations that incorporate the main quantum corrections to the dynamics. We also summarize the theory of quantized metric perturbations propagating in those quantum backgrounds. Finally, we describe how this framework can be applied to obtain a self-consistent extension of the inflationary scenario to incorporate quantum aspects of gravity, and to explore possible phenomenological consequences.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Springer Handbook of Spacetime
Agullo, I., & Corichi, A. (2014). Loop quantum cosmology. Springer Handbook of Spacetime, 809-839. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41992-8_39