Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


This study examines the moderating effects of two task variables--task structure and leader discretion--on the relationship between leader self-monitoring and the organizational outcomes of subordinate satisfaction, commitment, and job performance. It was hypothesized that task structure would be a negative moderator of the leadership-organizational outcomes relationships, whereas leader discretion would be a positive moderator. That is, leader self-monitoring would be significantly correlated with measures of subordinate satisfaction, commitment, and job performance when task structure was low and leader discretion was high. Data were collected from 58 upper-middle level managers of a large chemical processing plant, their 58 immediate superiors, and the 268 subordinates of these managers. Moderated regression analysis was performed. No significant main effects nor interaction effects were found. Moderator subgroup analysis was performed as a supplemental analysis and provided modest support for the hypotheses of the study. Moderately significant correlations were obtained between leader self-monitoring and organizational outcomes for low task structure and low leader discretion subgroups. Implications of the findings for leadership research are discussed.