Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



Document Type



This research study was designed to investigate correlations between invented spelling patterns and beginning reading for low-performing and on-level boys and girls in kindergarten. Two research questions were examined: (1) Is there a statistically significant relationship between invented spelling as displayed in task and reading skills as measured by DIBELS? and (2) Does the performance displayed in task and reading skills as measured by DIBELS differ significantly for boys and girls in kindergarten? Student performance data was gathered using extant school Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) benchmarks at collected at midyear of kindergarten. It was hypothesized that kindergarten students who scored below DIBELS benchmark at midyear would not perform as well as kindergarten students who scored on or above DIBELS benchmark at midyear on the invented/temporary spelling and reading tasks. It was further hypothesized that gender would not significantly affect task and beginning reading performance as measured by DIBELS for the kindergarten students in this study. Data revealed on-level kindergarten participants performed significantly better than low-performing kindergarten participants on the invented/temporary spelling and word-learning tasks. However, there was very little or no statistical correlation between performance among male and female participants on the temporary spelling tasks and the word-learning tasks.



Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Earl H. Cheek, Jr.



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