A versatile chiral selector for determination of enantiomeric composition of fluorescent and nonfluorescent chiral molecules using steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy

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A fluorescent chiral molecular micelle (FCMM), poly (sodium N-undecanoyl-L-phenylalaninate) (poly-L-SUF), was developed as a chiral selector for enantiomeric recognition and determination of enantiomeric composition of four fluorescent and four nonfluorescent chiral molecules by use of steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy. The influence of FCMM concentration, buffer pH and complexation medium on FCMM-analyte host-guest complexation, and the emission spectral properties of the resulting complexes were investigated. The chiral interactions of the analytes, 1,1′-binaphthyl-2,2′,-diamine, 1-(9-anthryl)-2,2,2-trifluoroethanol, propranolol, naproxen, chloromethyl menthyl ether (CME), citramalic acid, tartaric acid, and limonene (LIM), in the presence of poly-L-SUF were based on diastereomeric complex formation. The figures of merit obtained from the partial-least-squares regression modeling of the calibration samples suggested good prediction ability for the validation of six of the eight chiral analytes. Better host-guest complexation of the more hydrophobic molecules, CME and LIM, were obtained in methanol/water mixtures, resulting in better predictability of the regression models. Prediction ability of the models was evaluated by use of the root-mean-square percent relative error (RMS%RE) and was found to range from 1.77 to 15.80% (buffer), 1.26 to 7.95% (25:75 methanol/water), and 1.21 to 4.28% (75:25 methanol/water). © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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