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The structural association of the spinach 17-kDa extrinsic protein of photosystem II with other extrinsic and membrane-bound components of the photosystem was investigated by labeling the 17-kDa extrinsic protein with the amino-group-specific reagent N-hydroxysuccinimidobiotin both on intact photosystem II membranes or as a free protein in solution. After isolation of the biotinylated molecules, the modified 17-kDa proteins were allowed to rebind to photosystem II membranes which were depleted of the 17-kDa component. Differential binding of the protein biotinylated in solution compared to unmodified 17-kDa protein or 17-kDa protein modified on PSII membranes was observed. This indicated possible steric or ionic interference because of biotinylated lysyl residues present on the protein modified in solution. Biotinylated sites on the different modified 17-kDa proteins were identified by trypsin and Staphylococcus V8 protease digestion, followed by affinity chromatography enrichment of the biotinylated peptides and analysis of the peptide fragment mixture by nanospray liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Four lysyl residues that were modified when the protein was biotinylated in solution were not biotinylated when the protein was modified on the PS II membrane (90K, 96K, 101K, and 102K). These residues appear to identify a protein domain involved in the interaction of the 17-kDa protein with the other components of the photosystem. © 2005 American Chemical Society.

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