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© 2017 IUMS. Bacterial strain HPK2-2T was isolated from soil adjacent to the caldera of Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. HPK2-2T is a chemoorganoheterotroph that shows optimal growth at 50 °C (range 45-55 °C) and pH 8.0 (range 5.0-10.0). Sequence analysis of the 16S subunit of the rRNA gene showed that HPK2-2T is most closely related to the type strain of Rubrobactertaiwanensis (ATCC BAA-406T), with which it shared 94.5% sequence identity. The major fatty acids detected in HPK2-2T were C18:0 14-methyl and C16:0 12-methyl; internally branched fatty acids such as these are characteristic of the genus Rubrobacter. The only respiratory quinone detected was MK-8, which is the major respiratory quinone for all members of the family Rubrobacteraceae examined thus far. We propose that HPK2-2T represents a novel species of the genus Rubrobacter, for which we propose the name Rubrobacterspartanus (type strain HPK2-2T; DSM 102139T; LMG 29988T).

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International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

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