Specific and sensitive amplification of major outer membrane protein (MOMP) gene DNA sequences of Chlamydia psittaci was achieved in a two-step polymerase chain reaction. First, oligonucleotide primers specific for 5' and 3' nontranslated regulatory regions of the MOMP gene were used in a polymerase chain reaction to amplify a DNA fragment of approximately 1,400 bp. A portion of this DNA fragment was amplified in a second reaction using a degenerate oligonucleotide primer specific for a DNA sequence contained within the 1,400-bp DNA fragment and one of the first-step primers. This method detected 10 cognate chlamydial genomes. C. psittaci MOMP genes from two avian strains and from mammalian serovars 1, 7, and 8 were amplified and analyzed by restriction endonuclease digestion. MOMP genes from mammalian serovars 2 through 6 and 9 and from strains of C. trachomatis and C. pneumoniae could not be amplified. Restriction endonuclease analysis with HaeIII indicated a close relationship between C. psittaci strains of avian and mammalian serovar 1 lineage, while those of mammalian serovars 7 and 8 exhibited distinct restriction patterns. DNA sequences corresponding to the mammalian serovar 1-wild type parakeet MOMP genotype of C. psittaci were detected in two of seven milk samples from cases of bovine mastitis.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Kaltenboeck, B., Kousoulas, K., & Storz, J. (1991). Detection and strain differentiation of Chlamydia psittaci mediated by a two-step polymerase chain reaction. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 29 (9), 1969-1975. https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.29.9.1969-1975.1991