Differential effects of phencyclidine and MDA on complex operant behavior in monkeys

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In one component of a multiple schedule, patas monkeys acquired a different four-response chain each session by responding sequentially on three keys in the presence of four geometric forms (learning). In the other component, the four-response chain was the same each session (performance). The response chain in each component was maintained by food presentation under a fixed-ratio schedule. Errors produced a brief timeout but did not reset the chain. With increasing doses of phencyclidine the overall response rate in each schedule component decreased, the percent errors in each component increased, and there was less within-session error reduction (acquisition) in the learning component. MDA (3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine), a hallucinogen that is self-administered in nonhuman primates, was similar to phencyclidine in producing dose-related rate-decreasing effects in both schedule components. Unlike phencyclidine, however, MDA had little or no effect on accuracy in either learning or performance. © 1984, ANKHO International Inc.. All rights reserved.

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Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior

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