Effect of active immunization against estrogen on gonadotropin response to testosterone propionate treatment in ovariectomized pony mares.

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An experiment was conducted to determine whether partial neutralization of estrogens via active immunization alters testosterone propionate (TP)-induced increases in FSH secretion after GnRH administration in ovariectomized pony mares. Twenty mares were used in a 2 X 2 factorial arrangement of treatments (n = 5/group). Factor 1 was long-term active immunization against either bovine serum albumin (BSA) or estrone-17-oxime-BSA. Factor 2 was 11-d administration of either vehicle (vegetable oil) or TP (175 micrograms/kg BW). Plasma concentrations of FSH were not affected (P greater than .1) by either factor. As expected, the FSH response to exogenous GnRH was threefold greater (P less than .05) in BSA-immunized mares treated with TP than in BSA-immunized mares receiving oil. However, immunization against estrogens reduced (P less than .05) this TP-induced increase in FSH response by 52%. Plasma concentrations of LH were decreased (P less than .08) by TP; this effect was not altered (P greater than .1) by immunization against estrogen. The LH response to exogenous GnRH was not affected (P greater than .1) by either factor. We conclude that aromatization of testosterone to estrogen is partially responsible for the increased FSH response to exogenous GnRH in TP-treated mares. In contrast, suppression of LH concentrations by TP appears to involve only the androgenic effect of TP.

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Journal of animal science

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