Effects of supplemental dietary phytase and pharmacological concentrations of zinc on growth performance and tissue zinc concentrations of weanling pigs

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Three experiments were conducted to determine the effects of phytase, excess Zn, or their combination in diets for nursery pigs. In all experiments, treatments were replicated with five to seven pens of six to seven pigs per pen, dietary Ca and available P (aP) levels were decreased by 0.1% when phytase was added to the diets, excess Zn was added as ZnO, a basal level of 127 mg/kg of Zn (Zn sulfate) was present in all diets, and the experimental periods were 19 to 21 d. In Exp. 1, pigs (5.7 kg and 18 d of age) were fed two levels of phytase (0 or 500 phytase units/kg) and three levels of excess Zn (0, 1,000, or 2,000 ppm) in a 2 x 3 factorial arrangement. Added Zn linearly increased ADG and ADFI during Phase 1 (P = 0.01 to 0.06), Phase 2 (P = 0.02 to 0.09), and overall (P = 0.01 to 0.02). Gain:feed was linearly increased by Zn during Phase 1 (P = 0.01) but not at other times. Dietary phytase decreased ADG in pigs fed 1,000 or 2,000 ppm Zn during Phase 2 (Zn linear x phytase interaction; P = 0.10), did not affect (P = 0.27 to 0.62) ADFI during any period, and decreased G:F during Phase 2 (P = 0.01) and for the overall (P = 0.07) period. Plasma Zn was increased by supplemental Zn (Zn quadratic, P = 0.01) but not affected (P = 0.70) by phytase addition. In Exp. 2, pigs (5.2 kg and 18 d of age) were fed two levels of phytase (0 or 500 phytase units/kg) and two levels of Zn (0 or 2,000 ppm) in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement. Supplemental Zn increased ADG and G:F during Phase 2(P = 0.02 to 0.09) and overall (P = 0.07 to 0.08), but it had no effect (P = 0.11 to 0.89) on ADG during Phase 1 or ADFI during any period. Phytase supplementation increased ADG (P = 0.06) and G:F (P = 0.01) during Phase 2. Gain:feed was greatest for pigs fed 2,000 ppm Zn and phytase (Zn x phytase interaction; P = 0.01). Bone (d 20) and plasma Zn (d 7 and 20) were increased (P = 0.01) by added Zn but not affected (P = 0.51 to 0.90) by phytase. In Exp. 3, pigs (5.7 kg and 19 d of age) were fed a basal diet or the basal diet with Ca and aP levels decreased by 0.10% and these two diets with or without 500 phytase units/kg. Supplemental phytase had no effect (P = 0.21 to 0.81) on growth performance. Reduction of dietary Ca and aP decreased (P = 0.02 to 0.08) ADG, ADFI, and G:F for the overall data. These results indicate that excess dietary supplemental Zn increases ADG and plasma and bone Zn concentrations. Dietary phytase did not affect plasma or bone Zn concentrations. ©2005 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.

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Journal of Animal Science

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