Endocrine and metabolic response to muscarinic stimulation and inhibition in the ruminant: effects of slaframine.

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The influence of slaframine (SF), a parasympathomimetic compound isolated from the fungus Rizoctonia leguminicola, on circulating metabolic hormone concentrations was investigated in goats. In Exp. 1, SF was administered i.v. at 0 (CONT), 50 (LSF), 100 (MSF), or 150 (HSF) microgram/kg.75 BW in four mature Spanish-cross does (average BW 36 +/- 7 kg) fitted with indwelling jugular vein catheters in a 4 x 4 Latin square design. Plasma glucose peaked (P < .06) at 120 min with LSF and at 180 min with HSF and was higher (P <.06) than the CONT at these times. Glucose exhibited a quadratic response (P < .03) to SF. Area under the response curve for glucose differed (P < .02) in HSF from CONT and MSF. Insulin peaked (P < .01) at 240 min with MSF and at 180 min with HSF. Plasma triiodothyronine was maintained at a higher level (P < .03) with HSF. Thyroxine peaked (P < .06) at 120 min with MSF and 300 min with HSF. Plasma NEFA and somatotropin concentrations were not affected (P > .10) by SF. In Exp. 2, four mature Spanish-cross wethers (average BW 27 +/- 2 kg) fitted with jugular vein catheters were administered SF (0 and 114 micrograms/kg.75 BW) and 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methiodide (4DAMP; 0 and 258 micrograms/kg.75 BW), a M3-muscarinic receptor antagonist, i.v. in a 4 x 4 Latin square design with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. With SF, glucose peaked (P < .06) at 60 min and insulin peaked (P < .05) at 180 min. Plasma triiodothyronine levels were maintained (P < .05) with SF but declined with other treatments. Plasma NEFA and thyroxine concentrations remained unchanged regardless of treatment. Slaframine administration induced hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia in goats; however, these changes were blocked by preadministration of isomolar quantities of the M3-muscarinic receptor antagonist, 4DAMP.

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Journal of animal science

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