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An experiment was conducted to compare the effects of organic and inorganic sources of Se on growth performance, carcass traits, breast and plasma Se concentrations, and plasma glutathione peroxidase (pGPX3) activity in broilers. Broiler chicks were sexed on d 0 and within sex, randomly allotted to dietary treatment. Average initial and final BW of the broilers were 47 and 2,684 g, and the experiment lasted 49 d. A 3-phase feeding program similar to industry recommendations was used, and the basal diets for each phase were corn-soybean meal based. For each growth phase, the basal diet was supplemented with 0 (control) or 0.30 ppm Se from sodium selenite (SS) or Se-enriched yeast (SY). Each treatment was replicated 7 times (4 pens of males and 3 pens of females) with 50 male or 55 female broilers per replicate. Daily gain, feed intake, gain:feed, eviscerated and chill weights, carcass yield, breast weight, and moisture loss from the breast were not affected (P > 0.05) by Se supplementation. Dietary supplementation with SY increased (P < 0.05) muscle and plasma Se concentrations compared with broilers fed the control diet or the diet with SS. Plasma GPX3 activity was not affected (P > 0.05) by Se source or concentration. The results from this experiment indicate that organic Se increases tissue Se concentration, but it does not affect growth performance, carcass traits, or pGPX3 activity compared with inorganic Se. ©2005 Poultry Science Association, Inc.

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Poultry Science

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