A regional evaluation of chromium tripicolinate supplementation of diets fed to reproducing sows

Document Type


Publication Date



A cooperative research study involving 353 litters was conducted at three stations to determine the effects of graded levels of supplemental Cr from chromium tripicolinate (CrPic) on reproductive performance of sows and preweaning performance of their pigs. Primiparous and multiparous sows were fed fortified corn-soybean meal diets with supplemental levels of 0, 200, 600, or 1,000 ppb Cr (as-fed basis). Each station used at least three of the supplemental Cr levels, with two of those levels being 0 and 200 ppb. Station effects were observed for sow gestation weight gain, lactation weight change, lactation feed intake, litter size at birth and weaning, and pig weight at birth and weaning (P = 0.001 to 0.087). Supplemental Cr increased the number of pigs born live per litter (9.49, 9.82, 10.94, and 10.07; quadratic, P = 0.05) and sow lactation weight change (-0.2, 0.8, -4.1, and -3.9 kg; linear, P = 0.01) but decreased individual birth weight of total pigs born (1.61, 1.57, 1.47, and 1.56 kg; quadratic, P = 0.10). Tissues were obtained from a subset of sows from one station after they had completed three parities on the study. The content of Cr in the adrenal gland (16.4, 20.0, 34.0, and 48.4 ppb), kidney (35.8, 56.4, 132.6, and 176.0 ppb), and liver (22.8, 37.4, 87.6, and 92.2 ppb) was increased linearly (P = 0.001 to 0.005) by increasing CrPic supplementation. The results suggest that the supplementation level that maximizes the biological response is above that currently allowed. Additionally, supplementation of Cr at 1,000 ppb (five times currently permitted supplementation levels) was not detrimental to sow performance, even when fed continuously for three parities. There may be merit to continued research to evaluate higher supplementation rates. ©2004 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Animal Science

First Page


Last Page


This document is currently not available here.